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time.c

/* 
   Unix SMB/Netbios implementation.
   Version 1.9.
   time handling functions
   Copyright (C) Andrew Tridgell 1992-1998
   
   This program is free software; you can redistribute it and/or modify
   it under the terms of the GNU General Public License as published by
   the Free Software Foundation; either version 2 of the License, or
   (at your option) any later version.
   
   This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
   but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
   MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE.  See the
   GNU General Public License for more details.
   
   You should have received a copy of the GNU General Public License
   along with this program; if not, write to the Free Software
   Foundation, Inc., 675 Mass Ave, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA.
*/

#include "includes.h"

/*
  This stuff was largely rewritten by Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com>
  in May 1996 
  */


int extra_time_offset = 0;

#ifndef CHAR_BIT
#define CHAR_BIT 8
#endif

/*******************************************************************
 External access to time_t_min and time_t_max.
********************************************************************/

time_t get_time_t_min(void)
{
      return TIME_T_MIN;
}

time_t get_time_t_max(void)
{
      return TIME_T_MAX;
}

/*******************************************************************
a gettimeofday wrapper
********************************************************************/
void GetTimeOfDay(struct timeval *tval)
{
#ifdef HAVE_GETTIMEOFDAY_TZ
      gettimeofday(tval,NULL);
#else
      gettimeofday(tval);
#endif
}

#define TM_YEAR_BASE 1900

/*******************************************************************
yield the difference between *A and *B, in seconds, ignoring leap seconds
********************************************************************/
static int tm_diff(struct tm *a, struct tm *b)
{
  int ay = a->tm_year + (TM_YEAR_BASE - 1);
  int by = b->tm_year + (TM_YEAR_BASE - 1);
  int intervening_leap_days =
    (ay/4 - by/4) - (ay/100 - by/100) + (ay/400 - by/400);
  int years = ay - by;
  int days = 365*years + intervening_leap_days + (a->tm_yday - b->tm_yday);
  int hours = 24*days + (a->tm_hour - b->tm_hour);
  int minutes = 60*hours + (a->tm_min - b->tm_min);
  int seconds = 60*minutes + (a->tm_sec - b->tm_sec);

  return seconds;
}

/*******************************************************************
  return the UTC offset in seconds west of UTC, or 0 if it cannot be determined
  ******************************************************************/
static int TimeZone(time_t t)
{
  struct tm *tm = gmtime(&t);
  struct tm tm_utc;
  if (!tm)
    return 0;
  tm_utc = *tm;
  tm = localtime(&t);
  if (!tm)
    return 0;
  return tm_diff(&tm_utc,tm);

}

static BOOL done_serverzone_init;

/* Return the smb serverzone value */

static int get_serverzone(void)
{
        static int serverzone;

        if (!done_serverzone_init) {
                serverzone = TimeZone(time(NULL));

#if 0 /* Don't you know the leap second must cause an odd timezone value? */
                if ((serverzone % 60) != 0) {
                        DEBUG(1,("WARNING: Your timezone is not a multiple of 1 minute.\n"));
                }
#endif

                DEBUG(4,("Serverzone is %d\n",serverzone));

                done_serverzone_init = True;
        }

        return serverzone;
}

/* Re-read the smb serverzone value */

static struct timeval start_time_hires; 

void TimeInit(void)
{
      done_serverzone_init = False;
      get_serverzone();
      /* Save the start time of this process. */
      if (start_time_hires.tv_sec == 0 && start_time_hires.tv_usec == 0)
            GetTimeOfDay(&start_time_hires);
}

/**********************************************************************
 Return a timeval struct of the uptime of this process. As TimeInit is
 done before a daemon fork then this is the start time from the parent
 daemon start. JRA.
***********************************************************************/
 
void get_process_uptime(struct timeval *ret_time)
{
      struct timeval time_now_hires;
 
      GetTimeOfDay(&time_now_hires);
      ret_time->tv_sec = time_now_hires.tv_sec - start_time_hires.tv_sec;
      ret_time->tv_usec = time_now_hires.tv_usec - start_time_hires.tv_usec;
      if (time_now_hires.tv_usec < start_time_hires.tv_usec) {
            ret_time->tv_sec -= 1;
            ret_time->tv_usec = 1000000 + (time_now_hires.tv_usec - start_time_hires.tv_usec);
      } else
            ret_time->tv_usec = time_now_hires.tv_usec - start_time_hires.tv_usec;
}

/*******************************************************************
return the same value as TimeZone, but it should be more efficient.

We keep a table of DST offsets to prevent calling localtime() on each 
call of this function. This saves a LOT of time on many unixes.

Updated by Paul Eggert <eggert@twinsun.com>
********************************************************************/
static int TimeZoneFaster(time_t t)
{
  static struct dst_table {time_t start,end; int zone;} *tdt, *dst_table = NULL;
  static int table_size = 0;
  int i;
  int zone = 0;

  if (t == 0) t = time(NULL);

  /* Tunis has a 8 day DST region, we need to be careful ... */
#define MAX_DST_WIDTH (365*24*60*60)
#define MAX_DST_SKIP (7*24*60*60)

  for (i=0;i<table_size;i++)
    if (t >= dst_table[i].start && t <= dst_table[i].end) break;

  if (i<table_size) {
    zone = dst_table[i].zone;
  } else {
    time_t low,high;

    zone = TimeZone(t);
    tdt = (struct dst_table *)Realloc(dst_table,
                                    sizeof(dst_table[0])*(i+1));
    if (!tdt) {
      DEBUG(0,("TimeZoneFaster: out of memory!\n"));
      SAFE_FREE(dst_table);
      table_size = 0;
    } else {
      dst_table = tdt;
      table_size++;

      dst_table[i].zone = zone; 
      dst_table[i].start = dst_table[i].end = t;
    
      /* no entry will cover more than 6 months */
      low = t - MAX_DST_WIDTH/2;
      if (t < low)
      low = TIME_T_MIN;
      
      high = t + MAX_DST_WIDTH/2;
      if (high < t)
      high = TIME_T_MAX;
      
      /* widen the new entry using two bisection searches */
      while (low+60*60 < dst_table[i].start) {
      if (dst_table[i].start - low > MAX_DST_SKIP*2)
        t = dst_table[i].start - MAX_DST_SKIP;
      else
        t = low + (dst_table[i].start-low)/2;
      if (TimeZone(t) == zone)
        dst_table[i].start = t;
      else
        low = t;
      }

      while (high-60*60 > dst_table[i].end) {
      if (high - dst_table[i].end > MAX_DST_SKIP*2)
        t = dst_table[i].end + MAX_DST_SKIP;
      else
        t = high - (high-dst_table[i].end)/2;
      if (TimeZone(t) == zone)
        dst_table[i].end = t;
      else
        high = t;
      }
#if 0
      DEBUG(1,("Added DST entry from %s ",
             asctime(localtime(&dst_table[i].start))));
      DEBUG(1,("to %s (%d)\n",asctime(localtime(&dst_table[i].end)),
             dst_table[i].zone));
#endif
    }
  }
  return zone;
}

/****************************************************************************
  return the UTC offset in seconds west of UTC, adjusted for extra time offset
  **************************************************************************/
int TimeDiff(time_t t)
{
  return TimeZoneFaster(t) + 60*extra_time_offset;
}


/****************************************************************************
  return the UTC offset in seconds west of UTC, adjusted for extra time
  offset, for a local time value.  If ut = lt + LocTimeDiff(lt), then
  lt = ut - TimeDiff(ut), but the converse does not necessarily hold near
  daylight savings transitions because some local times are ambiguous.
  LocTimeDiff(t) equals TimeDiff(t) except near daylight savings transitions.
  +**************************************************************************/
static int LocTimeDiff(time_t lte)
{
  time_t lt = lte - 60*extra_time_offset;
  int d = TimeZoneFaster(lt);
  time_t t = lt + d;

  /* if overflow occurred, ignore all the adjustments so far */
  if (((lte < lt) ^ (extra_time_offset < 0))  |  ((t < lt) ^ (d < 0)))
    t = lte;

  /* now t should be close enough to the true UTC to yield the right answer */
  return TimeDiff(t);
}


/****************************************************************************
try to optimise the localtime call, it can be quite expensive on some machines
****************************************************************************/
struct tm *LocalTime(time_t *t)
{
  time_t t2 = *t;

  t2 -= TimeDiff(t2);

  return(gmtime(&t2));
}

#define TIME_FIXUP_CONSTANT (369.0*365.25*24*60*60-(3.0*24*60*60+6.0*60*60))

/****************************************************************************
interpret an 8 byte "filetime" structure to a time_t
It's originally in "100ns units since jan 1st 1601"

It appears to be kludge-GMT (at least for file listings). This means
its the GMT you get by taking a localtime and adding the
serverzone. This is NOT the same as GMT in some cases. This routine
converts this to real GMT.
****************************************************************************/
time_t nt_time_to_unix(NTTIME *nt)
{
  double d;
  time_t ret;
  /* The next two lines are a fix needed for the 
     broken SCO compiler. JRA. */
  time_t l_time_min = TIME_T_MIN;
  time_t l_time_max = TIME_T_MAX;

  if (nt->high == 0) return(0);

  d = ((double)nt->high)*4.0*(double)(1<<30);
  d += (nt->low&0xFFF00000);
  d *= 1.0e-7;
 
  /* now adjust by 369 years to make the secs since 1970 */
  d -= TIME_FIXUP_CONSTANT;

  if (!(l_time_min <= d && d <= l_time_max))
    return(0);

  ret = (time_t)(d+0.5);

  /* this takes us from kludge-GMT to real GMT */
  ret -= get_serverzone();
  ret += LocTimeDiff(ret);

  return(ret);
}

/****************************************************************************
convert a NTTIME structure to a time_t
It's originally in "100ns units"

this is an absolute version of the one above.
By absolute I mean, it doesn't adjust from 1/1/1601 to 1/1/1970
if the NTTIME was 5 seconds, the time_t is 5 seconds. JFM
****************************************************************************/
time_t nt_time_to_unix_abs(NTTIME *nt)
{
      double d;
      time_t ret;
      /* The next two lines are a fix needed for the 
         broken SCO compiler. JRA. */
      time_t l_time_min = TIME_T_MIN;
      time_t l_time_max = TIME_T_MAX;

      if (nt->high == 0)
            return(0);

      if (nt->high==0x80000000 && nt->low==0)
            return -1;

      /* reverse the time */
      /* it's a negative value, turn it to positive */
      nt->high=~nt->high;
      nt->low=~nt->low;

      d = ((double)nt->high)*4.0*(double)(1<<30);
      d += (nt->low&0xFFF00000);
      d *= 1.0e-7;
  
      if (!(l_time_min <= d && d <= l_time_max))
            return(0);

      ret = (time_t)(d+0.5);

      /* this takes us from kludge-GMT to real GMT */
      ret -= get_serverzone();
      ret += LocTimeDiff(ret);

      return(ret);
}



/****************************************************************************
interprets an nt time into a unix time_t
****************************************************************************/
time_t interpret_long_date(char *p)
{
      NTTIME nt;
      nt.low = IVAL(p,0);
      nt.high = IVAL(p,4);
      return nt_time_to_unix(&nt);
}

/****************************************************************************
put a 8 byte filetime from a time_t
This takes real GMT as input and converts to kludge-GMT
****************************************************************************/
void unix_to_nt_time(NTTIME *nt, time_t t)
{
      double d;

      if (t==0)
      {
            nt->low = 0;
            nt->high = 0;
            return;
      }
      if (t == TIME_T_MAX)
      {
            nt->low = 0xffffffff;
            nt->high = 0x7fffffff;
            return;
      }           
      if (t == -1)
      {
            nt->low = 0xffffffff;
            nt->high = 0xffffffff;
            return;
      }           

      /* this converts GMT to kludge-GMT */
      t -= TimeDiff(t) - get_serverzone(); 

      d = (double)(t);
      d += TIME_FIXUP_CONSTANT;
      d *= 1.0e7;

      nt->high = (uint32)(d * (1.0/(4.0*(double)(1<<30))));
      nt->low  = (uint32)(d - ((double)nt->high)*4.0*(double)(1<<30));
}

/****************************************************************************
convert a time_t to a NTTIME structure

this is an absolute version of the one above.
By absolute I mean, it doesn't adjust from 1/1/1970 to 1/1/1601
if the nttime_t was 5 seconds, the NTTIME is 5 seconds. JFM
****************************************************************************/
void unix_to_nt_time_abs(NTTIME *nt, time_t t)
{
      double d;

      if (t==0) {
            nt->low = 0;
            nt->high = 0;
            return;
      }

      if (t == TIME_T_MAX) {
            nt->low = 0xffffffff;
            nt->high = 0x7fffffff;
            return;
      }
            
      if (t == -1) {
            /* that's what NT uses for infinite */
            nt->low = 0x0;
            nt->high = 0x80000000;
            return;
      }           

      /* this converts GMT to kludge-GMT */
      t -= LocTimeDiff(t) - get_serverzone(); 

      d = (double)(t);
      d *= 1.0e7;

      nt->high = (uint32)(d * (1.0/(4.0*(double)(1<<30))));
      nt->low  = (uint32)(d - ((double)nt->high)*4.0*(double)(1<<30));

      /* convert to a negative value */
      nt->high=~nt->high;
      nt->low=~nt->low;
}


/****************************************************************************
take an NTTIME structure, containing high / low time.  convert to unix time.
lkclXXXX this may need 2 SIVALs not a memcpy.  we'll see...
****************************************************************************/
void put_long_date(char *p,time_t t)
{
      NTTIME nt;
      unix_to_nt_time(&nt, t);
      SIVAL(p, 0, nt.low);
      SIVAL(p, 4, nt.high);
}

/****************************************************************************
check if it's a null mtime
****************************************************************************/
BOOL null_mtime(time_t mtime)
{
  if (mtime == 0 || mtime == 0xFFFFFFFF || mtime == (time_t)-1)
    return(True);
  return(False);
}

/*******************************************************************
  create a 16 bit dos packed date
********************************************************************/
static uint16 make_dos_date1(struct tm *t)
{
  uint16 ret=0;
  ret = (((unsigned)(t->tm_mon+1)) >> 3) | ((t->tm_year-80) << 1);
  ret = ((ret&0xFF)<<8) | (t->tm_mday | (((t->tm_mon+1) & 0x7) << 5));
  return(ret);
}

/*******************************************************************
  create a 16 bit dos packed time
********************************************************************/
static uint16 make_dos_time1(struct tm *t)
{
  uint16 ret=0;
  ret = ((((unsigned)t->tm_min >> 3)&0x7) | (((unsigned)t->tm_hour) << 3));
  ret = ((ret&0xFF)<<8) | ((t->tm_sec/2) | ((t->tm_min & 0x7) << 5));
  return(ret);
}

/*******************************************************************
  create a 32 bit dos packed date/time from some parameters
  This takes a GMT time and returns a packed localtime structure
********************************************************************/
static uint32 make_dos_date(time_t unixdate)
{
  struct tm *t;
  uint32 ret=0;

  t = LocalTime(&unixdate);
  if (!t)
    return 0xFFFFFFFF;

  ret = make_dos_date1(t);
  ret = ((ret&0xFFFF)<<16) | make_dos_time1(t);

  return(ret);
}

/*******************************************************************
put a dos date into a buffer (time/date format)
This takes GMT time and puts local time in the buffer
********************************************************************/
void put_dos_date(char *buf,int offset,time_t unixdate)
{
  uint32 x = make_dos_date(unixdate);
  SIVAL(buf,offset,x);
}

/*******************************************************************
put a dos date into a buffer (date/time format)
This takes GMT time and puts local time in the buffer
********************************************************************/
void put_dos_date2(char *buf,int offset,time_t unixdate)
{
  uint32 x = make_dos_date(unixdate);
  x = ((x&0xFFFF)<<16) | ((x&0xFFFF0000)>>16);
  SIVAL(buf,offset,x);
}

/*******************************************************************
put a dos 32 bit "unix like" date into a buffer. This routine takes
GMT and converts it to LOCAL time before putting it (most SMBs assume
localtime for this sort of date)
********************************************************************/
void put_dos_date3(char *buf,int offset,time_t unixdate)
{
  if (!null_mtime(unixdate))
    unixdate -= TimeDiff(unixdate);
  SIVAL(buf,offset,unixdate);
}

/*******************************************************************
  interpret a 32 bit dos packed date/time to some parameters
********************************************************************/
static void interpret_dos_date(uint32 date,int *year,int *month,int *day,int *hour,int *minute,int *second)
{
  uint32 p0,p1,p2,p3;

  p0=date&0xFF; p1=((date&0xFF00)>>8)&0xFF; 
  p2=((date&0xFF0000)>>16)&0xFF; p3=((date&0xFF000000)>>24)&0xFF;

  *second = 2*(p0 & 0x1F);
  *minute = ((p0>>5)&0xFF) + ((p1&0x7)<<3);
  *hour = (p1>>3)&0xFF;
  *day = (p2&0x1F);
  *month = ((p2>>5)&0xFF) + ((p3&0x1)<<3) - 1;
  *year = ((p3>>1)&0xFF) + 80;
}

/*******************************************************************
  create a unix date (int GMT) from a dos date (which is actually in
  localtime)
********************************************************************/
time_t make_unix_date(void *date_ptr)
{
  uint32 dos_date=0;
  struct tm t;
  time_t ret;

  dos_date = IVAL(date_ptr,0);

  if (dos_date == 0) return(0);
  
  interpret_dos_date(dos_date,&t.tm_year,&t.tm_mon,
                 &t.tm_mday,&t.tm_hour,&t.tm_min,&t.tm_sec);
  t.tm_isdst = -1;
  
  /* mktime() also does the local to GMT time conversion for us */
  ret = mktime(&t);

  return(ret);
}

/*******************************************************************
like make_unix_date() but the words are reversed
********************************************************************/
time_t make_unix_date2(void *date_ptr)
{
  uint32 x,x2;

  x = IVAL(date_ptr,0);
  x2 = ((x&0xFFFF)<<16) | ((x&0xFFFF0000)>>16);
  SIVAL(&x,0,x2);

  return(make_unix_date((void *)&x));
}

/*******************************************************************
  create a unix GMT date from a dos date in 32 bit "unix like" format
  these generally arrive as localtimes, with corresponding DST
  ******************************************************************/
time_t make_unix_date3(void *date_ptr)
{
  time_t t = (time_t)IVAL(date_ptr,0);
  if (!null_mtime(t))
    t += LocTimeDiff(t);
  return(t);
}


/***************************************************************************
return a HTTP/1.0 time string
  ***************************************************************************/
char *http_timestring(time_t t)
{
  static fstring buf;
  struct tm *tm = LocalTime(&t);

  if (!tm)
    slprintf(buf,sizeof(buf)-1,"%ld seconds since the Epoch",(long)t);
  else {
#ifndef HAVE_STRFTIME
  char *cp;

  fstrcpy(buf, asctime(tm));
  /* Some asctime() will include '\n' */
  cp = strchr(buf, '\n');
  if (cp) *cp = '\0';
#else /* !HAVE_STRFTIME */
  strftime(buf, sizeof(buf)-1, "%a, %d %b %Y %H:%M:%S %Z", tm);
#endif /* !HAVE_STRFTIME */
  }
  return buf;
}



/****************************************************************************
 Return the date and time as a string
****************************************************************************/

char *timestring(BOOL hires)
{
      static fstring TimeBuf;
      struct timeval tp;
      time_t t;
      struct tm *tm;

      if (hires) {
            GetTimeOfDay(&tp);
            t = (time_t)tp.tv_sec;
      } else {
            t = time(NULL);
      }
      tm = LocalTime(&t);
      if (!tm) {
            if (hires) {
                  slprintf(TimeBuf,
                         sizeof(TimeBuf)-1,
                         "%ld.%06ld seconds since the Epoch",
                         (long)tp.tv_sec, 
                         (long)tp.tv_usec);
            } else {
                  slprintf(TimeBuf,
                         sizeof(TimeBuf)-1,
                         "%ld seconds since the Epoch",
                         (long)t);
            }
      } else {
#ifdef HAVE_STRFTIME
            if (hires) {
                  strftime(TimeBuf,sizeof(TimeBuf)-1,"%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S",tm);
                  slprintf(TimeBuf+strlen(TimeBuf),
                         sizeof(TimeBuf)-1 - strlen(TimeBuf), 
                         ".%06ld", 
                         (long)tp.tv_usec);
            } else {
                  strftime(TimeBuf,100,"%Y/%m/%d %H:%M:%S",tm);
            }
#else
            fstring buf;
            char *cp;

            fstrcpy(buf, asctime(tm));
            /* Some asctime() will include '\n' */
            cp = strchr(buf, '\n');
            if (cp) *cp = '\0';
            if (hires) {
                  slprintf(TimeBuf, 
                         sizeof(TimeBuf)-1, 
                         "%s.%06ld", 
                         buf,
                         (long)tp.tv_usec);
            } else {
                        fstrcpy(TimeBuf, buf);
            }
#endif
      }
      return(TimeBuf);
}

/****************************************************************************
  return the best approximation to a 'create time' under UNIX from a stat
  structure.
****************************************************************************/

time_t get_create_time(SMB_STRUCT_STAT *st,BOOL fake_dirs)
{
  time_t ret, ret1;

  if(S_ISDIR(st->st_mode) && fake_dirs)
    return (time_t)315493200L;          /* 1/1/1980 */
    
  ret = MIN(st->st_ctime, st->st_mtime);
  ret1 = MIN(ret, st->st_atime);

  if(ret1 != (time_t)0)
    return ret1;

  /*
   * One of ctime, mtime or atime was zero (probably atime).
   * Just return MIN(ctime, mtime).
   */
  return ret;
}

/****************************************************************************
initialise an NTTIME to -1, which means "unknown" or "don't expire"
****************************************************************************/

void init_nt_time(NTTIME *nt)
{
      nt->high = 0x7FFFFFFF;
      nt->low = 0xFFFFFFFF;
}

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